|Everingham Family History Public Record Reprint
Early New Jersey History
Giovanni da Verrazzano explores New Jersey shore.
Henry Hudson ascends Hudson River.
Dutch trading post built at Bergen (now Jersey City).
Fort Nassau built near present Gloucester City by Capt. Cornelius Mey.
Swedish settlers build forts on east bank of Delaware River; expelled by Dutch in 1655.
The Dutch establish a permanent colony in Bergen.
England grants region to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. The Dutch surrender New Jersey to England.
Edward Byllynge and John Fenwick, Quakers, buy Berkeley's interest in western New Jersey.
Colony divided into East and West Jersey.
East and West Jersey surrender government to English Crown; reunited as royal colony under New York governors; separated from New York in 1738.
College of New Jersey (now Princeton) chartered.
Queens College (now Rutgers, The State University) founded at New Brunswick.
First Provincial Congress meets at New Brunswick; adopts constitution in 1776.
Gen. George Washington retreats across state into Pennsylvania, recrosses the Delaware River, takes Trenton. State adopts its first constitution.
Americans defeat British at Princeton.
British retreat across New Jersey from Philadelphia; Washington defeats them at Monmouth.
Washington and Army winter at Morristown.
Princeton is national capital, June 30-November 4; Trenton, Nov. 1 -Dec. 24, 1784. Washington gives farewell address to Army at Rocky Hill.
New Jersey represents smaller states at Constitutional Convention; is 3rd state to ratify United States Constitution, December 18.
Trenton becomes state capital; original Capitol completed in 1792.
Vice-President Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in duel at Weehawken.
Morris Canal opened; Delaware and Raritan Canal, in 1834.
Samuel F.B. Morse demonstrates telegraph near Morristown.
New state constitution grants free-male suffrage.
In the first organized game of baseball, the New York Nine defeat the Hoboken Nickerbocker Giants 23-1 in Hoboken.
In the first intercollegiate football game, Rutgers defeats Princeton 6-4 in New Brunswick.
Thomas Alva Edison demonstrates first effective electric lamp at Menlo Park.
John P. Holland launches first practical submarine in Passaic River.
Grover Cleveland, born 1837 in Caldwell, becomes 22nd president of United States; the 24th, in 1893.
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