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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction "understanding how people feel about research books" Page 7 Origin of the name & place "Everingham" Page 9 The Conquest of England in 1066 & the family link to nobility Pages 10-12 Everingham Post Office in Everingham, Yorkshire, England Page 12 A legend about the Everingham name dying out Page 13 Why similarly spelled names may be related Page 14 Some early Everingham's in America (1600's-1700`s) Pages 14-16 The Wars that destroyed early North American records Page 17 What are Loyalists, Patriots, Torries & Rebels? Page 17 Family Chart of our first generation James Everingham Page 18 The first well documented generation of Ira's Ancestors Pages 18 First Generation and the Revolutionary War Page 19-23 The 1st and 5th Battalion of the New Jersey volunteers & Joseph Barton Pages 20-21 Separate Thoughts, Speculation, and Theories Pages 22-23 A map of the layout of the United States in 1790 Page 23 Story of 3 Brothers immigrating to America from England Page 24 Other Stories about our 1st generation James Everingham Pages 25-26 The Children and Grandchildren of James Everingham of NJ & Canada Pages 27-31 1876 Historical Atlas & family links in Crowland Twp, Welland County Page 29 The Children of James Everingham (II) and Sally Brooks Pages 32-33 The Curse of Cashmere, Mosa Township, Middlesex County, Ontario Pages 33-35 Early Haldimand Co. and our Ancestor Captain John Dochstader Pages 35-37 Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada 1880 Map Page 36 More related families in Ontario, Canada Page 37 The family of James Everingham (III) and Violet Burnham Pages 38-41 The only known photo of James Everingham Page 38 1879-1880 Historical Atlas of Brant County, Ontario Page 41 Onondaga Township, Brant County, Ontario Canada (with an 1880 Map) Pages 42-45 The Native American Indian tribes of the Onondagas and the Mohawks Pages 42-43 The importance of Hiawatha and the Iroquois Confederacy Page 43 Onondaga Township, Brant County Plat Map with family names Page 44-45 Our Everingham family migration map Page 46 The earliest Everingham's of MICHIGAN Pages 47-54 Henry Everingham of Iosco County, MI family chart (brother of Ira) Page 49 Eugene Everingham of Huron County, MI family chart (brother of Ira) Pages 49-52 Other Michigan Everinghams Page 53 The unrelated "Everham" family of Michigan Pages 55-56 Page 3
This book was printed in 1999 as "The Ancestors & Descendants of Ira Everingham," and was
renamed for this 2006 edition. This publication is printed as a historical family record with sources noted
whenever possible. I do not claim that this is 100% accurate, but to the best of my knowledge and research and
the research of the people listed, the information you will read is backed by documentation. Each information
reference is listed on the reference page in the back of this book. If you are gathering related information, you
can use the footnotes & references as a source of where to find the factual documents that this printing was
based on. When using this book as a source of information it would be wise to look up each source yourself to
understand the information in the correct context.
Grandma Leora (Morgan) Everingham,
Stierley. 1911 - 2005
Her stories and vivid memories
were the building blocks that this
endeavor grew from.
and occasionally even from the elderly. Some feel that we are digging up skeletons and
exposing family problems that should remain secret. Some feel that genealogists don't
have a normal social life and don't have friends. They think that we are strange or are
unhappy with our own life, so we try to compensate with our ancestors accomplish-
ments. It is actually common for people to ask "why bother with family history?," they
also say; "You don't have the right to sell your entire family's history!". It's natural to
feel that the sale of your family story is capitalizing on something that you really don't
own. It's also natural to feel that those who write about their family are making money
from the lives of their ancestors. In a way, people feel like the author is stealing from
his or her ancestors. It's easy to attack an author for being compensated for something
they are only reporting on, and really don't own. I understand the stance that everyone
takes and to some degree, I agree. One fact keeps me going, the fact that this is a labor
of honor and pride in our family name. Is it really any different that someone writing a
history book, or reporting the news?
nally passed on by stories among family clans, but it has always been a part of human
history. When literate societies emerged, they began to write down where they had
come from. Family genealogy has been around in written form since Biblical times, and
in fact, many genealogical records exist in the Bible itself.
task would be nearly impossible. In fact, those who partake in genealogical research, do
so because they love what they are doing and have a drive to learn as much as possible
about their own history. I think that it is probably very rare that anyone has ever gener-
ated a profit from this type of endeavor. Those who thoroughly research their family,
have spent hundreds of hours of research. Why then do people charge money for their
research or family books? The answer is almost always simple; to cover some of their
costs, and continue with their fact finding mission.
the sacrifices they made and the harsh times they faced in life. When you read about
what your forefathers faced, it gives you a feeling of thankfulness for what you have,
and a realization that your problems are not as bad as they seem. Those who have lived
before us are responsible for so much of our life that it's hard to imagine. They brought
us our intelligence, our height, weight, hair and eye colors. They brought us our skin
tones, our emotional states and in some cases, our ailments. They have even brought
you to where you live or where you grew up. Developing an understanding of your past
can enlighten you immeasurably. A strong sense of family history helps us celebrate
individualism and helps us recognize values, goals, and interests.
you came from. Recognizing the diversity of your past can help you appreciate your
uniqueness, and feel pride in family commonalties. I hope you enjoy our story.
Page 8 (blank page)
ent's last name, and each generation produced a new name that was quite often, not link-
able to one's ancestors. People were named with a given first name and sometimes had nick-
names based on where they were from, what they did for a living, or how they looked. Or-
ganized Governments pushed the passing of a family name down generations, to keep track
of taxation, migration, and geographical records. In some governments, keeping the last
name of a child's father was a forced law. By the mid 1400's, most people had a fixed last
name that they passed down to their children. The Everingham name seems a little bit older
than many last names found commonly today. The chronicles of England's ancient records
system suggest that the name Everingham, is among the oldest of Saxon Norman names.
Here are the two most probable theories of the name's origin:
The Saint Everild name Theory:
and not only support Biblical stories, but also support a theory rooted in Christian religion.
In the mid to late 7th century, sometime after King Cynegils of the West Saxons was bap-
tized by Bishop Birinus, about 635 years after Christ's birth, the Wessex maiden known as
Everild, or Everildis, became a Christian. King Cynegils had allowed Bishop Birinus to
preach Christianity for the first time in Wessex in 634. On a spiritual journey of devotion
to her religion, Everild fled from her parent's home to seek a convent. En route, she was
joined by two other future Saints named Bega and Wuldreda. Archbishop Wilfrid of York
guided them & gave them the veil at a place called the Bishop's Farm, later known as Ever-
ildsham, i.e., the dwelling of Everild. This being named in her honor, and was the place
she established her religious sanctuary. Some researchers believe that the name Everingham
has evolved from Everildsham. Due to the amount of time that has passed, all traces of
Saint Everild's convent have vanished. She is thought to have died around the year A.D.
700. To further support the theory, a church exists at Everingham Park in England that is
named St. Everild Church, giving the impression that the name of the area is derived from
See Photo on Page 11
The Eofor location name Theory:
as a personal name among the Anglo-Saxons as a name of brute strength and ferocity. The
descendants of Eofor were called Eofrings, and their clan settlement was known as Eofring-
ham. This could have easily later became known as Everingham. It's even easy to listen
as you pronounce Eofringham (off-ring-ham) and Everingham (Ev-ring-ham) to hear how
similar they are and how easily the name could have evolved. It is important to know for
each theory, that "ham" is a term which refers to a village in the ancient Saxon vocabulary.
The Author's Theory:
developed in the ancient Saxon England as a variation of Eoffringham or Everildsham. We
will probably never know which is the chicken and which is the egg (ie which came first)... but
an area of England called Everingham was present long before the 11th century. We do know
for sure, that the name Everingham was the name of a geographical area in England before it
was a surname (someone's last name). The Everingham village is small with beautiful scenery.
It's located five miles west of Market Weighton, and about five miles south of Pocklington.
From this area in England, people would be known by their single name and as being from
there. People who lived in Everingham were known as Robert of Everingham, for instance. As
heraldry and the development of social classes emerged, people desired to be linked to their
parentage, or a well known settlement or family estate. As people retained the last name of
their fathers, Robert of Everingham became, Robert Everingham.
source claims) that took its name from the place, who held it of the fee of the Archbishops of
York, by the service of performing the office of butler at the archiepiscopal palace on the day of
enthronisation. Adam de Everingham, the last living male heir of this family, who died in
1371, left only heirs general, and his estates passed into other hands. Adam's son had died in
battle and he had only daughters left. The family of Elys or Ellis later held the manor, and early
in the 16th century it came into the possession of the Constables - a branch of the family of that
name long settled at Flamborough. Sir Philip Constable, of Everingham, left a daughter and
heir, Anne, who married William, second son of Sir Thomas Haggerston, of Haggerston Castle.
Certainly, other Everingham family lines existed other than these.
descendants of ancient French, and very likely the ancient Danes or Vikings. One such Viking,
Thorfinn Rollo seiged Paris in 910AD, and was granted the northern area of France which was
then named Normandy, meaning "the territory of the north men". The Viking/French people
of this area were known as Normans. The descendants of Thorfinn Rollo, a Viking of histori-
cal importance, became the noblemen and Dukes of Normandy. In the 13th century, Margery
de Everingham married Robert de Percy who was a descendent of the Rollos of Normandy.
Other connections to Norman Nobles & the Everingham family have also been found.
compiled by Duke William after he had defeated King Harold at Hastings in 1066, so William
would know who lived upon the land. Duke William was descended from the first Duke Rollo
of Normandy as described above. After the Conquest of England, Duke William became
known as "William the Conqueror". A name he held onto, having previously been known as
"William the Bastard." It's important for us Everinghams to know about how the NORMANS
took over England in the 11th century since the family name is ancient SAXON, but the family
as they are descended today, are probably descendants of Saxons and Normans. To understand
the Norman connection, you must understand the Conquest known as the battle of Hastings.
Normandy, and named his brother-in-law, Harold Godwinson, as his successor. Edward
didn't really have the right to choose the next king; that right belonged to a royal council
called the witan. As fate would have it, the witan also, chose Harold. Duke William was en-
raged when he learned that Harold was crowned King of England, the day after King Ed-
ward's death. Harold's brother also protested, thinking he should be King, and began to look
for allies to back him. The new King immediately had enemies who set out to take the
throne and make King Harold's reign as short as possible.
from 10,000 to 12,000 men Sept 27th in 1066. William and his barons, some of which were
probably the ancestors of the Everinghams, had been recruiting and preparing the invasion of
England since early spring of that year. Duke William had been waiting and expecting to
take the throne, and had not considered the possibility of Harold being named King of Eng-
land. The Norman ships shuttled in and out of the southern bay bringing walls of men. At
the same time, Harold's brother had begun an attack. The Norman army built a fort inside
the Pevensey Roman Fort as an headquarters while the army camped behind it. Harold, bat-
tled a large army to the north in York at Stamford Bridge. These were the armies of his
brother who had teamed up with the Viking King Hadrada (noted in the Saxon Chronicles as
King Harald of Norway) to invade England. This early attack could have been part of Duke
William's plan, but that is not known for sure. The timing of each invasion was impeccable.
Harold managed to resist the invasion to the north and killed the Viking King and his
brother. He was then advised of the landing to the south by William of Normandy.
Waltham. For two weeks he gathered reinforcements, and exchanged threats with William.
After Harold's battle victories in the north, he probably felt strong. But, when Harold found
out that he had been excommunicated by the Pope, and that William was wearing the papal
ring, his confidence had to sink. In that time, the church was very powerful. This event may
have been arranged by fellow Norman Robert Guiscard who had conquered much of south-
ern Italy and was patron of the Pope who was indebted to him for saving the Vatican. Wil-
liam was leading what could be called the first Crusade. Unfortunately for Harold, the whole
world now seemed to be against him.
the Battle of Hastings. Destroying most of the remnants of the
Saxon fighting men who had already fought off at least two other
armies, the Normans drove on into England. King Harold was shot
in the eye with an arrow, or run through by Duke William's lance.
Descriptions of his demise vary a little, but William was accompa-
nied by three others who brutally killed King Harold.
Wales and Scotland, and later Ireland. It also began the reign of
King William the Conqueror.
Why is the battle of Hastings, and King William
important to the Everingham family?
ham family in early England, which shows up in early records, that they were supporters of Duke
William and had remained in financial prestige by supporting the New King and future thrones of
England. Everinghams have been identified that show they owned estates as early as the 12th
century through the 17th century. The Everinghams were not only supporters, but probably at
least Lords, Barons & Knights from the time of the 11th century conquest of England by the
Normans. Otherwise, they could not have amassed their fortunes. Among other estates, Kirk-
burn, Laxton Castle was known to have been part of the holdings of the Everinghams during the
reign of King Edward the II, and King Edward III. The most probable conclusion would be that
the Everingham family are descended from Norman England and took their name from the Saxon
place they inhabited. It is also known that, a Robert de Everingham donated lands and estates
from his vast holdings in England, to the Templar Knights "for the good of his, and his wife's
soul"...in the 12th century, and was at the very least, a supporter of the Templars. The Templars
were the very wealthy and influential Monks and sworn protectors and powerful Knights. Later,
in 1287, another Robert de Everingham died with the title Lord Paramount of Rouston. The origi-
nal manor donated to the Templars from an Everingham, was also in Rouston. Ancient records
show that a coat of arms existed which is an indication of family prominence.
Everingham Park, St. Everild Church and Stainborough Hall now known as Northern College, are
only a small portion of the ancient estates of the Everingham family of Yorkshire, England. Some
former family holdings date back to the time of William the Conqueror.
The ancient Everingham
granted the right to wear the family Coat-of-Arms
to symbolize the family's stature in ancient English
society. He was probably a Baron & Knight at the very least, and
wore the symbol on his cloak, shield or flag to represent who was
wearing the armor in contests and battles.
in very early English records shows a probable connection to the
French or Norman's, which is another bit of evidence linking them to
Duke William from the time of the Conquest of England. It means
"of" like the German & Dutch prefix "von".
The name re-birth Legend
It is thought that the original semi-royal family of Everinghams from the Everingham Park
area in England probably died out with Adam de Everingham in the 14th century. Other Ever-
ingham families were certainly alive at that time and modern day Everinghams may in fact be
descendants of them. As a "Legend" goes... the family name DID die out. Possibly referring
to the time of Adam de Everingham. The legend explains that an unrelated female, or descen-
dant of an Everingham worked in a manor, or castle. She had an affair with a noble and became
pregnant. Fearing for her safety and for the safety of the child, she traveled to an area of Eng-
land near Market Weighton, and had the male baby who she gave the last name of Everingham.
Presumably, she then raised the baby as a widow to evade suspicion. This baby was a descen-
dant of one of those original Everinghams, from his mother being an Everingham descendant
OR she named the child after the
place where he was born. The leg-
end says that this child is the one
link to all modern Everinghams and
the re-birth of the family name.
humorous family saying told to me
by the late Lieutenant Colonel Al-
bert Everingham in 1999. Al said
that because of this Legend, he al-
ways said that "we're all descen-
dants of Royal bastards". Quite a
family motto!... This is not the first
time I've heard this saying, or simi-
lar stories about the Everingham
family name dying out.
Evernham, Irvingham, and Everingham's all the same?
fingham, Ervingham, Everyngham, Evringham, and similar spellings are all derived from mis-spellings
at some point in time hundreds of years ago, when literacy was not as common as it is today. In fact,
other than the most noble of countrymen, literacy was not common place until the 20th century! In
ancient times, it was not uncommon for a person to be born with a name spelled one way, and later
show up in a record with a different spelling. Scribes would record names as they sounded and many
times, people did not know the intended spelling and left interpretation up to the Scribes who were
educated in writing skills.
FINDINGS ON VARIOUS SPELLINGS:
to early 1800's in the United States by historian Tom Phillips, who is a descendant of a line of Evern-
ham's. The name "EVERNGAM" has also been linked to Everingham's from back to about the
same time period by researchers Renee Marr and Ann J. Everingham. The name "ERVINGHAM" or
"IRVINGHAM" and even "EVERINGER"! shows up in early Arenac and Presque Isle County
Michigan records. The Ervinghams of those areas were descendants of Ira Everingham of Canada who
moved to Michigan and probably pronounced his name the way it was spelled. His children pro-
nounced their name (Er-ving-ham) and it was still pronounced this way, no matter how it was spelled,
in Michigan's Presque Isle and Cheboygan counties throughout the 20th century. Michigan family re-
searchers have found records from this family with similar spellings. Old Presque Isle and Cheboygan
County Michigan newspapers printed the name regularly as "ERVINGHAM".
Some Early American Everingham's
of those earliest Everinghams,... keep in mind that our 1st generation James Everingham, was born
about 1760, and is thought to have been from Sussex or Monmouth County, New Jersey. Here are the
4 oldest Everinghams in America "as far as I know..."
a grandson of one of the previous early American Everinghams, or related to any of the families
given below, or was a descendant of an English family that had recently immigrated to the Eng-
lish Colonies of America.
ble that they could be the parents of "our" James Everingham who was born about 1760, who
is identified later in this printing as generation 1. Notice nothing else is known about this
James who was born about 1757, and nothing is known about the parents of our generation #1
James who was born about 1760. This could also be a coincidence, but shouldn't be overlooked.
Gilbert Everingham was born in the mid 1700's, and was from Monmouth, New Jer-
sey and married Phoebe Delaplaine. They had five children: Abigail (b.1785), Joseph D.
(b.1787), Mary (b.1788), Gilbert (b.1790) and James (b.~1790). Much is known about this
family line. Some of this family ended up in Australia. Gilbert's parents remain a mystery.
Some ideas have been voiced, but his ancestry has not been proven.
Henry Everingham was born around the mid 1760s. He married Rebecca James who
was said to be a full blooded American Indian. Their children were Henry, Ellison, Martha, and
Aaron. His children and some records of Henry & Rebecca show up with their last names
spelled "Evernham". Henry may have been married 3 times prior to marrying Rebecca.
William Everingham (descendants spelled Everngam) was born about 1765 and
marred Elizabeth Willis March 12, 1786 in Maryland. They had at least seven children; Nancy
(b.1788), Elizabeth (b.1790), William (b.1795), Mary (b.1798), Joseph (b.1798), Thomas
(b.1801), and Peter (b.1804). Much of the research on that family is being done by Renee Marr.
Jonathan Everingham, born about 1764 in New Jersey married "Nancy". They had six
children; Samuel (b.1795), Jeremiah (b.~1796), Charlotte (b.1798 or 1801), Nancy (b.1799),
Enoch (b.1803), and Hannah (b.1805). Many of Jon's descendants are known but his parents
are not known. Jonathan was a patriot who fought against the British in the Revolutionary War.
Some of the grandchildren of our James (generation 1) thought that John was James' brother.
Thomas Everingham was born August 2, 1778. He married Rhoda Danser in 1796.
Their children were Asa, Jane, Elizabeth, Lydia, Mariah, Samuel, Lucy, and Thomas. Their
names are recorded as "Everinham" and "Evernham".
Enoch Everingham was born about 1783 in Sussex County, New Jersey and died in
1820 in Ohio. He married Tryphena Ann Kitchell who was born in 1785 in Hanover, Morris
County, New Jersey. Many of their descendants are known but Enoch's parents are not known.
Another Enoch Everingham was born in the mid to later 1700s. He & wife Mary were
the parents of Enoch H. Everingham who married Tilley Ann Hawkins. Their children were
Anna Maria, Daniel, Mary Elizabeth, Louisa Matilda, Samuel Brock, Martha, Clara Melissa.
Benjamin Everingham (some records indicate Evernham) was born August 1, 1764 in
New Jersey. He married Elizabeth Parce who was born in 1768. They had nine children; Sarah
(b.1787), Isaac (b.1789), Major (b.1792), Rebecca (b.1795), Mary (b.1797), Pearson (b.1800),
James I. (b.1804), George (b.1809), and Joshua (b.1811). Much in known about Benjamin's
descendants, some of which have adopted the last name "Evernham". Benjamin's parents are
not known for sure and no proof has been found at this time.
Why is there such a gray area prior to the late 1700's?
9 Everinghams fought in the War, probably more! Much of the war was fought in the New Jer-
sey and New York area where Everinghams are known to have lived at that time. Many records
were destroyed by the fighting, and lost in fires. It is also known that the Everingham Sawmill
was burned by the British, when they destroyed Tom's River, New Jersey, March 24, 1782.
Later, came the war of 1812, the Americans were again fighting with the British in what is
sometimes called the second War of Independence. The war of 1812 was fought in the lakes,
and shorelines of the US, and Canada, and within both countries. These 2 wars probably
caused the destruction of many records.
sure. Some accounts say that the water damage was not as bad as reported and with the tech-
nology of today, could have been restored to some degree. We do know that the 1890 census
was damaged in a fire, but not totally destroyed. In December 1932, in accordance with federal
records procedures at the time, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of Census sent the Library of
Congress a list of papers no longer necessary for current business and scheduled for destruction.
The library was to report back to him any documents that should be retained. Item 22 on the list
for Bureau of the Census read "Schedules, Population . . . 1890, Original." As reports about
these records state, no records were identified as permanent. Congress authorized destruction on
February 21, 1933. The loss of much of the 1890 U.S. Federal census was a great loss to the
world of genealogy, but is probably only a fraction of the total losses of records from the wars
fought on U.S. and Canadian soil.
United Empire Loyalists vs. Patriots
Everingham family. Not only is our first generation a Loyalist, but many of the Everingham
family's ancestors were as well. If you could easily break down the "sides" taken in the Revo-
lutionary War, it would be the British and all people in Colonial America who supported them,
known as Loyalists versus the Patriots, known to the British as the "Rebel" forces that op-
posed British rule and taxation without proper & fair political representation. The Patriots
called the people who were loyal to England, "Tories". Many Tories remained in the newly
independent United States, but some were treated as dangerous enemies, at times losing prop-
erty and civil rights. Although they may have been treated badly in some areas, most were not
distinguishable from the Patriots by their next generation. Records have shown that due to
feuding over commanding officers and several other factors, men were known to have switched
sides during the Revolution. On some occasions, men switched sides to save their life, in hopes
of later escaping. One battle in New York notes that men who were outnumbered and looking
for ways to get back home left their continental duty, and joined the loyalist volunteers. Other
records account for loyalists switching sides as well.